What is ABNT NBR 15512 and why is it important for biodiesel and diesel BX?
Biodiesel and diesel BX are alternative fuels that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on fossil fuels. However, they also pose some challenges for storage, transport, supply and quality control. To ensure the safety and performance of these fuels, the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT) has developed a standard called ABNT NBR 15512. This article will explain what this standard is, what it covers, and why it is important for biodiesel and diesel BX.
What is ABNT NBR 15512?
ABNT NBR 15512 is a standard that establishes the requirements and procedures for the storage, transport, supply and quality control of biodiesel and/or diesel BX. It was first published in 2008 and has been revised in 2014 and 2020. The latest edition was published on November 30, 2020.
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Biodiesel is a renewable fuel derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. It can be blended with petroleum diesel in different proportions, forming diesel BX, where X represents the percentage of biodiesel in the blend. For example, diesel B5 contains 5% biodiesel and 95% petroleum diesel. Diesel BX can be used in most diesel engines without modifications.
What does ABNT NBR 15512 cover?
ABNT NBR 15512 covers the following aspects of biodiesel and diesel BX:
Storage: It specifies the conditions and equipment for storing biodiesel and diesel BX in tanks, containers, drums, or other vessels. It also provides guidelines for preventing contamination, corrosion, oxidation, microbial growth, and water accumulation.
Transport: It defines the criteria and methods for transporting biodiesel and diesel BX by road, rail, or waterway. It also addresses the issues of compatibility, safety, labeling, documentation, sampling, and emergency response.
Supply: It establishes the procedures and requirements for supplying biodiesel and diesel BX to consumers or distributors. It also covers the aspects of metering, dispensing, blending, traceability, and quality assurance.
Quality control: It determines the parameters and methods for testing the quality of biodiesel and diesel BX. It also specifies the frequency, location, and responsibility for quality control activities.
Why is ABNT NBR 15512 important?
ABNT NBR 15512 is important because it ensures that biodiesel and diesel BX meet the technical specifications and environmental regulations for their use as fuels. By following this standard, producers, distributors, suppliers, and consumers can benefit from:
Improved performance: Biodiesel and diesel BX can provide comparable or better performance than petroleum diesel in terms of power, torque, fuel consumption, emissions, lubricity, and cold flow properties. However, these benefits depend on the quality of the fuels. ABNT NBR 15512 helps to maintain the quality of biodiesel and diesel BX throughout their life cycle.
Increased safety: Biodiesel and diesel BX have lower flammability and toxicity than petroleum diesel. However, they also have some risks associated with their storage, transport, supply and use. For example, they can degrade over time due to exposure to heat, light, oxygen, water or contaminants. They can also react with some materials or substances that are compatible with petroleum diesel. ABNT NBR 15512 helps to prevent or mitigate these risks by providing adequate measures for handling biodiesel and diesel BX.
Reduced environmental impact: Biodiesel and diesel BX can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80% compared to petroleum diesel. However, they also have some environmental impacts related to their production, distribution, consumption and disposal. For example, they can cause land use change, water pollution or waste generation. ABNT NBR 15512 helps to minimize these impacts by promoting good practices for managing biodiesel and diesel BX.
In conclusion, ABNT NBR 15512 is a standard that provides guidance for storing, transporting, supplying and controlling the quality of biodiesel and diesel BX. It is important for ensuring the safety, performance and environmental benefits of these alternative fuels.
ABNT NBR 15512:2020-11-30 - Storage, transport, supply and quality control of biodiesel and/or diesel BX
Target Normas: ABNT NBR 15512 NBR15512 Armazenamento, transporte